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Enfermedad Renal Crónica: Clasificación y Manejo (Soc. Chil. Nefrología)

La Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC) ha sido reconocida recientemente como un problema de salud pública global, por su carácter epidémico y las complicaciones devastadoras que produce. En nuestro país, el número de pacientes en diálisis crónica (una terapia de sustitución renal de alto costo), ha experimentado un aumento de más de  30 veces en los últimos 25 años. Estos pacientes
habitualmente emergen de una población mucho mayor con ERC, cuya prevalencia se estima en 10%.

Enfermedad Renal Crónica: Clasificación, Identificación, Manejo y Complicaciones Flores, Alvo, Borja, Morales, Vega, Zuñiga, Muller, Munzenmayer .Rev Méd Chile 2009; 137: 137-177

(via: Artangelo)

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10 julio, 2010 at 20:48 Deja un comentario

Fracaso Renal Agudo en Pediatría: Revisión Pediatrics in Review (Inglés)

Acute renal failure (ARF) is defined as an acute decline in renal function characterized by an increase in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine values, often accompanied by hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, and hypertension. Significant morbidity and mortality can accompany ARF. Patients who have ARF recover their renal function either partially or completely or they develop end-stage renal disease. They also may develop associated multiorgan disease.

ARF is divided into three forms: prerenal failure (most common), intrinsic renal failure, and postrenal failure. Treatment ranges from conservative medical management to dialysis or renal transplantation, depending on the severity of kidney disease and degree of renal function recovery. Worldwide, most cases of ARF in children are due to hemolytic-uremic syndrome or volume depletion.

Acute Renal Failure in Children. Whyte and Fine Pediatrics in Review.2008; 29: 299-307.

Acute Renal Failure in Children

4 mayo, 2010 at 0:06 Deja un comentario

Tratamiento de Constipación por Médicos Generales (Inglés)

Childhood constipation accounts for 3% of visits to general pediatric clinics and as many as 30% of visits to pediatric gastroenterologists.The majority of children who experience constipationand whose caregivers seek medical care are seen by primary care physicians such as pediatricians or family physicians. Little is known about how primary care physicians treat childhood constipation or the success of theirtreatments. With this study, we prospectively examined which treatments primary care physicians prescribe to children who present for the first time with constipation and how effective those treatments are.

Treatment of Childhood Constipation by Primary Care Physicians: Efficacy and Predictors of Outcome Stephen M. Borowitz, Daniel J. Cox, Boris Kovatchev, Lee M. Ritterband, Jennifer Sheen, and James Sutphen Pediatrics 2005; 115: 873-877


1 marzo, 2010 at 16:00 Deja un comentario

Faringitis Aguda (ingles)

“ACUTE pharyngitis is one of the most common illnesses for which patients visit primary care physicians. According to the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, upper respiratory tract infections, including acute pharyngitis, are responsible for 200 visits to a physician per 1000 population annually in the United States”

FARINGITIS ESTREPTOCOCICA Alan Bisno MD. N Engl J Med, Vol. 344, No. 3 · January 18, 2001 · http://www.nejm.org

19 febrero, 2010 at 22:05 Deja un comentario

Enfermedades del Viajero (ingles)

“Between 20 and 70 percent of the 50 million people who travel from the industrialized world to the developing world each year report some illness associated with their travel.”

illness after international travel: E. Ryan, M. Wilson, K. Kain : N Engl J Med, Vol. 347, No. 7 · August 15, 2002


14 febrero, 2010 at 1:24 Deja un comentario


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